When a woman gets pregnant, she produces the hCG– human chorionic gonadotropin– hormone. In 9 to 10 days, you can discover the hCG in the urine and blood. The pregnancy test comprises two major types– a biopsy in a pathology lab or a hospital and a pregnancy test you carry out at home.
Here, we will consider significant pregnancy symptoms, which will let you know when you should carry out a test for pregnancy after you’ve missed your period. It will also inform you on how to make use of test kits for pregnancy.
Six indications that show you need to carry out pregnancy tests
Most of these signs may not be particular to pregnancy; it may imply that your period is near or you are simply unwell. However, if you have had unprotected sex in the preceding months, or you want to conceive, a test is recommended. When you notice the following symptoms, you should take a pregnancy test at home.
- Missed Period You might be pregnant if your period is overdue for seven days or more. However, if you have a sporadic menstrual cycle or polycystic ovary syndrome, this pregnancy symptom may be false.
- Swollen and tender breasts During the early stages of pregnancy, your breasts might become sensitive due to hormonal changes. If your breasts are sore and you have missed your period, you may get a favourable pregnancy result.
- Feeling nauseous and or not throwing up Nausea is often known as morning sickness, although most women may feel nauseous during the day or night in the first 60-62 days of pregnancy. You should take a urine pregnancy test if you are vomiting irregularly.
- Urinating frequently The amount of your body’s blood can increase due to pregnancy, which makes your kidneys develop more fluids in your bladder. Therefore, you might get a favourable pregnancy test result if you always urinate more than usual.
- Light spotting One of the first pregnancy signs is implantation bleeding or light spotting. However, this is not prevalent in all women. This light spotting occurs within the first and second weeks after taking in, towards the time you expect your period. It is often brown or light pink in colour.
- Further indications
The following are additional signs which serve as a pointer to carry out a pregnancy examination when you have missed your period. These signs include cramps, bloating, mood swings, sudden tiredness, distaste for a certain food, and sensitiveness to a particular smell or scent.
However, you may become pregnant without going through most of these signs if you have unprotected sexual intercourse. You must carry out a pregnancy test if you are bothered about an unexpected pregnancy or trying for a baby.
Types of Pregnancy Tests
Your doctor declares the pregnancy test is favourable or unfavourable when it shows a certain quantity of hCG in your blood or urine. Confirming a positive test result takes different times and different ways. The following are the two major kinds of pregnancy examinations:
- Blood Examination
To be sure about the degrees of pregnancy hormones in your body and what each level implies, you should.
The hCG degrees multiply in 2 days in the first couple of weeks, and if it does not, it possibly implies that there is a pregnancy crisis. Also, a high degree of HCG might mean that it’s a twin pregnancy or could even suggest a problem.
If you are a woman undergoing infertility medications or attempting PCOS pregnancy procedures, you can employ a biopsy to deduce the level of HCG hormones in the body. Carrying out a pregnancy test in a laboratory will usually cost more than a UPT; this is because, for a blood test, the lab analyst collects a blood sample and analyses it in a clinic.
- Taking a Urine Pregnancy Test -UPT- in your house
In carrying out a UPT, you will first obtain the sample of your urine and then add some of your urine to your UPT strip; this will then show the content of hCG in your urine. If you carry out a pregnancy test at home, two straight lines on the test kit indicate that you are pregnant.
To get precise outcomes, follow these instructions if you are carrying out a pregnancy exam:
- For an accurate result, it is best to use the first urine of the day; this is because the levels of your hCG are usually potent and full in the mornings. Ensure that you have not urinated for about three to four hours, suppose you are trying out the examination at a later time in the day.
- Do not take in too many liquids before commencing your test because it may reduce your hCG degrees.
- Read and follow all instructions stated on the UPT.
- You can always buy a UPT kit over the counter or pharmacy.
- Finally, birth control, alcohol, antibiotics, early testing, and other medications do not influence the outcome of your test.
To detect a positive pregnancy, symptoms such as morning sickness, nausea, missed periods, spotting and tender breasts might be present. However, most of these indications are prevalent in women who are not pregnant.
A UPT is one of the fastest and easiest methods to identify pregnancy in women, and you can procure one at a pharmacy and carry out the test in your house. A biopsy for pregnancy at a clinic or maternity hospital may be great for women with infertility problems. You should consult a doctor for a precise diagnosis and recommendations.
You should not infer and draw conclusions from the urine/blood pregnancy examination on your own. In some cases, there are possibilities of an erroneous test.
Unprotected intercourse or a conception issue could be one reason for undergoing a pregnancy examination. Regardless, contact a certified healthcare agent if your home pregnancy test is positive for further instructions.